The New York Turtle and Tortoise Society announces|
Saturday, March 15, 9:00 A.M.5:00 P.M.
The Hudson River Museum
511 Warburton Avenue
Yonkers, New York 10701
The New York Turtle and Tortoise Societys sixteenth Annual Seminar will be a full-day event featuring four presentations. The fee for the day, which includes morning coffee and Danish (during the 9:0010:00 a.m. registration check-in), is $35 per person if you register by Wednesday, March 5! (The fee at the door without reservations will be $40 per person.) Send check, payable to NYTTS, with name, address, phone, and e-mail address, to:
P.O. Box 878
Orange, NJ 07051-0878
We are pleased to hold Seminar 2003 at the Hudson River Museum in Yonkers, New York. Located on the bank of the Hudson River, the museum is less than 40 minutes drive or train ride from midtown Manhattan. There is ample free parking. Visit the Museums Web site at www.hrm.org. For driving instructions or public transportation, please visit www.hrm.org/information.html, or call 914-963-4550.
Schedule on the Metro-North Hudson Line from Grand Central Station: Depart Grand Central 8:20 a.m.; arrive Glenwood station 8:53 am. Walk one block up the hill, turn left, go one-half block and walk up through the park to the museum.
James Gibbs, Associate Professor, Conservation Biology & Wildlife Management, State University of New York, Syracuse
James Gibbs in his laboratory at the State University of New York in Syracuse
Can Road Mortality Limit Turtle Populations?
New research provides a compelling explanation for the bewildering decline of turtles in our environment, particularly the mobile land turtles and semi-aquatic species.
James Gibbs and SUNY colleague Gregory Shriver simulated the movements of three groups of turtles: land turtles, and large and small pond turtles. They then integrated the simulated turtle movements with road densities and traffic volumes. The results suggest that roads threaten both land turtles and large pond turtles: in many regions more than 5 percent of these turtles are likely to die while crossing roads, which is more than the populations can sustain.
Turtle roadkill was particularly high in the northeast, southeast and Great Lakes-Big Rivers region, which is where U.S. roads and traffic are concentrated. Even small pond turtles may be threatened by collisions in heavily roaded and trafficked areas. Daily traffic volumes typical of many major and arterial highways suggest that such roads are essentially impenetrable to any wandering turtle.
To help protect pond turtles in developed areas, the researchers recommend establishing buffer zones around aquatic habitats; for land turtles, the establisment of near roadless habit areas; and in areas where buffer zones and large roadless areas are not feasible, turtles could be protected by building road crossings.
Sam Lee, Reptile Keeper, Department of Herpetology, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx Zoo, New York
Sam Lee and Godzilla, a lace monitor, at the Bronx Zoo Reptile House
Health Assessment of Resident and Repatriated
Eastern Box Turtles at Caumsett State Park, New York
Following the release of eastern box turtles, Terrapene c. carolina, into Caumsett State Park, in Huntington, New York (a repatriation program in the park), both repatriated and resident turtles in the park were examined for the presence of a bacterial pathogen, Mycoplasma. Both blood and nasal samples were taken for analysis.
To observe conversion trends, this program was complemented by a mark-recapture and radio-telemetry survey of the resident and repatriate groups, which facilitated the collection of blood and nasal fluid samples from several turtles multiple times. Of the thirty-eight known residents in the park, 20 turtles were sampled at least once for Mycoplasma. Since 1996, there have been a total of 46 adult and juvenile box turtles released into the park, and 23 turtles have been sampled at least once. Analysis (with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) indicated that 8 turtles tested positive, 28 tested negative, and 7 were suspect for the presence of Mycoplasma. These and future results may offer insight on the epidemiologic nature of Mycoplasma and the survivorship of repatriated turtles.
Peter C. H. Pritchard, Chelonian Research Institute, Oviedo, Florida
Peter Pritchard examines a Chinese softshell turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis, while touring in nothern Vietnam in 2000.
On the Trail of Rafetus swinhoei
This past November the quest for the worlds largest freshwater turtle took Peter Pritchard north into China. Dr. Pritchard will chronicle his adventure through southern China as he discovers undocumented museum specimens as well as three truly ancient captive animals. On a map of China we can trace his route: from Shanghai northwest to Suzhou and Nanjing and back southeast to Hangzou, then west across the country to Chengdu (Sichuan province), south to Kunming (Yunnan province, which included overland trips south to Gejiu and Hekou and back to Kunming), then east to Guangzhou (to survey the large turtle markets), and finally a flight to Haiku, Hainan, which included interior fieldwork on the island.
Attendees of Seminar 2001 will recall Peter’s tour through northern Vietnam in the fall of 2000 (photo, left), with Le Thien Duc from Hanoi, the first intenational Asian intern at the Wetlands Institute, as his guide.This time, another Asian Scholarship Program intern, Jichao Wang from Hainan, served as Peter’s tour guide throughout the China tour.Jichao is a student of Shi Haitao, department head and director of the Biodiversity Museum at Hainan Normal University.
Robert Zappalorti, Herpetological Associates, Inc., Jackson, New Jersey
Robert Zappalorti finds an adult male bog turtle at the base of a sedge grass tussock in a mark-recapture study area.
The Ecology and Nesting Behavior of the Bog Turtle
(Clemmys muhlenbergii) at Three Pennsylvania Locations
A five-year mark and recapture study, conducted at three sites in eastern Pennsylvania, focused on the ecology of adult bog turtles, Clemmys muhlenbergii. The hatching success of 95 bog turtle eggs from these three colonies was also studied, including comparisons of naturally incubated eggs with artificially incubated eggs.
Bog turtles lay their eggs in various species of Carex tussocks within their marshy habitat. Some females deposit eggs in community nest sites (up to 3 clutches have been found in one tussock).
The work included installing predator excluder cages on some of the nests after recording nests and eggs, as well as follow-up nest monitoring to observe the health and developmental progress of eggs, or to detect predator disturbance. Nest-monitoring continued until it had been determined the remaining eggs were not going to hatch.
Predation probably accounts for eggs missing from unprotected nests, most likely carried off by a small mammal, which suggests this is an important contributing source of mortality at these three colonies. Although poorly understood, natural hatching success may also be reduced by infertility and weather-related developmental problems. Habitat management and conservation programs will also be discussed.